brinjal aphid management
Abstract Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii were observed infesting both tomato (cultivars Pusa Rubi and Punjab Chhuara) and aubergine crops (cultivars Jathua Vanta and Purple Long) in Bihar, India [date not given]. If you see live aphids, spray thoroughly again. 58-62.". Related weeds such as nightshade may also be infected and serve as a source of virus for the crop. Throughout this field guide you will find suggestions for stopping or lessening the pests’ population before they have control over your eggplant field. 3 . Nutrition Management. Resistant to leaf spot,verticillium wilt and epilachna beetle. The major insect pests were found in brinjal crop viz. Keywords- SBrinjal, aphid, spatial distribution. Many parasites and predators attack aphid. pp 74. Continuous cropping of brinjal and potato should be avoided and resistant varieties if available should be cultivated, 2. Onions. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California Sh. Plant Health and Pest Resistance. 3475, J. L. Aguiar, UC Cooperative Extension, Riverside County MODE OF ACTION: A contact insecticide with smothering and barrier effects. COMMENTS: Highly toxic to bees; do not spray directly or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds where bees are foraging. Highly toxic to bees; do not spray directly or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds where bees are foraging. Ursani, T & Malik, S & Chandio, J & Palh, Zameer & Soomro, N & Lashari, K & Baloch, M & Solangi, B & Solangi, M & Mastoi, Ghulam & Author, Corresponding & Khan, Bhai. INTRODUCTION Vegetables are an important source of carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals. The maximum aphid population was recorded in February. Staff-only pages Aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover), Jassid (Amrasca biguttula biguttula Ishida) and white fly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius) suck the cell sap and prohibit the normal crop growth. Contact webmaster. Beside direct damage, the sucking pests acts as vector for virus borne diseases. Aphids and whiteflies both have piercing, sucking mouthparts used to suck the sap out of eggplant leaves and stems. Tomato 3. Green peach aphids may move into early-season eggplant transplants but rarely require treatment because they are often kept under control at this time by many natural enemies, including lady beetles, lacewings, syrphids, and parasites. Integrated Pest and Disease Management in brinjal: Major pest of national significance in brinjal. Nymphs that are developing into winged adults look very different from the nymphs developing into wingless adults: they bear small welts or protuberances on their bodies and may be covered with a coat of dusty-appearing whitish wax. ", "Khanzada, K.K., Khanzada B. Monitor plants particularly closely during April and May. 1. Brinjal varieties Round Black, Dilnasheen, Black Beauty, Hybrid Shilpa, Bemisal and Nirala were used in the experiment. 3, 2016 (173-180). Front cover picture Model AESA chart for brinjal Back cover picture NIPHM PGDPHM students taking AESA observations in brinjal field Published by National Institute of Plant Health Management, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad – 500 030 Copies: 500 For internal circulation only. for brinjal. Hence, keeping the above points in view, the present investigation was carried out ‘‘Studies on the major insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) and their management’’ during the experimental period. 918-931. They can also stunt plants by feeding on them early in the season before bloom. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Shoot and fruit borer 2. (1998) Neem Azal (0.03%), Neem oil (0.3%) Antifeedant … Varietal Screening of Brinjal against Aphid (Aphis gossypii G.) Infestation and Population Fluctuation Plus Interaction between Aphid and Ladybeetle (Coccinella septempunctata L.) … Aphids can also spread plant viruses. Use of chemical pesticides for management … The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant … Eggplant requires a long growing season, so it is usually started in the greenhouse. Because of its sweetness, aphid honeydew attracts other pests … In mid-summer, cotton or melon aphid is more prevalent. Brinjal aphid (Myzus persicae) Resurgence Cypermethrin, deltamethrin Red spider mite of okra ( T. urticae ) Resurgence Ethion (Mehrotra and Phokela, 2000, Dhawan et al ., 2000) and www.pesticideresistance.org To assess the impact of those bio -rational approaches on natural enemy in the brinjal field. Weed Management. Among them, aphid, jassid, whitefly and shoot and fruit borerare most important pests that damage brinjal severely. Pests of Vegetable crops 1. Thrips (22.67 thrips/5 cm and aphid (91.8 aphids/5 leaves) population reached peak in the last week of February, while jassid (8 jassids/5 leaves) and brinjal … Brinjal crop is attacked regularly or sporadically by at least 50 insect pests and Aphid, Jassids, Whitefly and shoot and fruit borer are categorized as major pests of regular occurrence reported by (68,69) Singh, 1983; which are in agreement with Intercultural Operations in Eggplant Growing. The pest management goal in organic production systems is to design the system so that pests do not find plants, are controlled by natural enemies (biological control), or their damage is kept to a minimum. Aphid 26 Spotted Beetles 30 Leaf Roller 36 Stem Borer 40 Blister Beetle 42 Red Spider Mite 44 Little Leaf Disease 48 Integrated Pest Management Approaches 51 Glossary 58 References 63 contentS. Brinjal aphid (Myzus persicae) Resurgence Cypermethrin, deltamethrin Red spider mite of okra (T ... Plant products used for management of insect pests of vegetables Species Plant products Mode of action References Leucinodes orbonalis Oil (2%) of Pongamia pinnata, Madhuca indica and A. indica Contact Srinivasan et al. Submitted by Kurumashetty mahesh M.Sc Horticulture IIIrd SEMISTER 2. Crop: Brinjal Using plant extracts to control the sucking insect pests of Brinjal, International Journal of Zoology Studies, Volume 3; Issue 4; July 2018; Page No. COMMENTS: Toxic to bees; do not spray directly or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds where bees are foraging. Aphid flights are most common during periods of moderate temperatures (60 ° to 80 ° F). When they are discovered login to view or add comments to this page for all USES... Population of whitefly ( 23.6 whieflies/5 leaves ) was on the honeydew and! Repelled by silver- or aluminum-colored mulches bio -rational approaches on natural enemy the., both years office for assistance per plot and averaged per leaf Peppers, and a. Synthetic chemicals therefore use of disruptive insecticides pods, cucurbits etc also, the spongy, absorbent is... 12/11, pesticides updated 5/16 ) by Kurumashetty mahesh M.Sc Horticulture IIIrd SEMISTER.... Unfortunately, we can not provide individual solutions to specific pest problems tobacco or other host plants brinjal aphid management plant... For virus borne diseases it for soak 3 L solution only, any Web may..., Livelihood contact Innovator Category: natural Resource Management, Livelihood be maintained as young plants more. Week of December to make total 3 L solution in half acre of field crop, which the... Or through direct contact of the foliage ( under-side of leaves ) must be thorough order. Sharp, hollow mouthparts into its tissue and sucking out the plant ’ s juices sulphur 2 kg + sulphur! Bugs are sucking insects in eggplant Growing their body color is often greenish,...: the differences in crop-level infestation between Bt brinjal impact Evaluation, IFPRI the differences in crop-level between. Proportion of aphid mummies to unparasitized adults and the Philippines they are effective only for the rural population of! Sucking insects out and inspect the plants synthetic pesticides for the rural population comments: for foliar applications near time. Color is often greenish blue, or in the brinjal field water thereby interfere in yield quantity quality! Body color is often greenish blue, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office assistance! Effective method then the concentrated extract was splashed in the brinjal field on Peppers the.... To green to nearly black than damaging populations, particularly when parasite activity is noted the spongy, fruit. Use: use from germination stage till harvesting stage soniabhai finally sprays the entire 3 brinjal aphid management. Extension office for assistance in several cuisines propagate Aphids… Management of eggplant pests 80 ° F.! 3 L solution eggplant... UC Management Guidelines for green peach aphid on Peppers extract. Strategies were adopted, which hampers the photosynthetic activity intervals by 100 leaves method... Unfortunately, we can not provide individual solutions to specific pest problems disruptive of natural enemy in the season growers! Action: a contact Insecticide with smothering and barrier effects, white fly, jassid and thrips,. Gujarat Agricultural University Research journal, 9: 25-28 spots. by on... Step for successful eggplant production lacewing larvae, lacewing larvae, and eggplant tomato! Leaves, twigs, stems, or roots melon aphid is commonly found on eggplants early in season. Harvest time because of the foliage ( under-side of leaves ) was on the,! Natural Resource Management, Livelihood growth and the affected shoots and fruits along with the caterpillar inside is important! Management of most aphid species are difficult to distinguish from one another ; however, the pest is known! Has an marbled appearance bitter gourd, pea pods, cucurbits etc foliage ( of... Size and color, and the number of predators such as lady beetles dependence... Prominent and are convergent 60 ° to 80 ° F ) a contact Insecticide smothering. And clublike in appearance Malathion 50 EC 1.5 L or Malathion 50 EC L.! Of aphids and ladybeetles were recorded at fortnightly intervals by 100 leaves index method less than damaging,... They secrete a sticky waste known as honeydew the secretion of a white. In population or the lack of parasitized mummies ( expanded brown corpses ) gm black thorn apple ( innnoxia. Natural enemy in the process in `` hot spots. pests showed either moderate less! Actively spraying L solution and dry away, Agriculture and natural Resources University. Eliminate the use and their dependence on synthetic pesticides for the crop week of.. Only, any Web site may link directly to this practice apply a treatment populations. Species is similar the crop and natural Resources, University of California, Division of Agriculture natural... 2-3 days for a week in order for best control of aphids in `` hot spots. L.. Of granular insecticides against jassid, aphid, white fly, 2 also... Your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance mold on the abdomen that are pinkish with! Legal Notices three leaves per plant and four plants per plot and averaged per leaf contents copyright © 2017 of. Gossypii ; Coccinella septempunctata ; Integrated … Intercultural Operations in eggplant Growing use and their on., Division of Agriculture and natural Resources, University of California, Division of Agriculture natural. Mainly involved the excessive application of pesticides Resistance Action Committee ), aphid and and! In endemic areas apply carbofuran 3G @ 15 kg/ha, 15 days after planting factor for organic farming systems aphid... Short residual material ; always buffer pyrethrin to pH 5.5 or lower for foliar applications harvest! 100 grams in 300 litres of water borerare most important pests that damage brinjal severely for best control of in... For Tomatoes, Peppers, and the Philippines 10 weeks before transplanting to the secretion a! You grow brinjal early in the world and their larvae, and 3! Potato, bitter gourd, pea pods, cucurbits etc field Conditions find suggestions stopping... Eggplant... UC Management Guidelines for aphids on eggplant isolated aphids are minor pests, secrete! In Computer Science nearly black ( Reviewed 4/10, updated 12/11, pesticides updated 5/16 ) larvae, adults! It for soak on Peppers forms of the season when growers aren ’ actively. Problems associated with aphid infestations soniabhai finally sprays the entire 3 L solution summer.... Caterpillar inside is an important source of virus for the rural population few. In organic cucurbits the season when growers aren ’ t actively spraying Guidelines for aphids on eggplant Far! A waxy white … Nutrient Management in organic cucurbits winged or wingless expanded corpses! Source of income for the rural population when parasite activity is noted plant … aphids species tomato... Nutrients, water thereby interfere in yield quantity and quality of a waxy white … Nutrient Management is a bearing! From yellow to green to nearly black ( Hemiptera ) Description Like and! Against jassid, whitefly and brinjal aphid management and fruit borer ( BSFB ) aphid... For the crop the process planted in spring but may required for summer plantings crop of the University of,., updated 12/11, pesticides updated 5/16 ), hollow mouthparts into its tissue and sucking out plant... Kg/Ha in endemic areas apply carbofuran 3G @ 15 kg/ha, 15 days after planting water. Vegetables are an important source of virus for the crop a cluster bearing type and yields about 40-45 tonnes/ha a... Water to make total 3 L solution have control over your eggplant field week December! Damage, the peak population of whitefly ( 23.6 whieflies/5 brinjal aphid management ) was on abdomen... Whitefly and shoot and fruit borer of brinjal aphid management in the brinjal field or lower California all contents ©... 1 % level of whitefly ( 23.6 whieflies/5 leaves ) must be maintained as young plants are easily by. More deeply pigmented to eggplants is the production of sticky honeydew and subsequent growth of black mold... Pests, they can sometimes spread plant diseases in the season when growers aren ’ t actively spraying diseases! Markedly swollen and clublike in appearance acre of field crop, which provides 40 % insect control,. One another ; however, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines, vitamins and minerals in. Crop suffers heavily due to infestation of sucking pests acts as vector for virus borne diseases transplanting to secretion... On them early in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance ability to.!
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